File transfer configuration#

When uploading, downloading, or copying a file or S3 object, the AWS SDK for Python automatically manages retries and multipart and non-multipart transfers.

The management operations are performed by using reasonable default settings that are well-suited for most scenarios. To handle a special case, the default settings can be configured to meet requirements.

Configuration settings are stored in a boto3.s3.transfer.TransferConfig object. The object is passed to a transfer method (upload_file, download_file, etc.) in the Config= parameter.

The remaining sections demonstrate how to configure various transfer operations with the TransferConfig object.

Multipart transfers#

Multipart transfers occur when the file size exceeds the value of the multipart_threshold attribute.

The following example configures an upload_file transfer to be multipart if the file size is larger than the threshold specified in the TransferConfig object.

import boto3
from boto3.s3.transfer import TransferConfig

# Set the desired multipart threshold value (5GB)
GB = 1024 ** 3
config = TransferConfig(multipart_threshold=5*GB)

# Perform the transfer
s3 = boto3.client('s3')
s3.upload_file('FILE_NAME', 'BUCKET_NAME', 'OBJECT_NAME', Config=config)

Concurrent transfer operations#

The maximum number of concurrent S3 API transfer operations can be tuned to adjust for the connection speed. Set the max_concurrency attribute to increase or decrease bandwidth usage.

The attribute’s default setting is 10. To reduce bandwidth usage, reduce the value; to increase usage, increase it.

# To consume less downstream bandwidth, decrease the maximum concurrency
config = TransferConfig(max_concurrency=5)

# Download an S3 object
s3 = boto3.client('s3')
s3.download_file('BUCKET_NAME', 'OBJECT_NAME', 'FILE_NAME', Config=config)


Transfer operations use threads to implement concurrency. Thread use can be disabled by setting the use_threads attribute to False.

If thread use is disabled, transfer concurrency does not occur. Accordingly, the value of the max_concurrency attribute is ignored.

# Disable thread use/transfer concurrency
config = TransferConfig(use_threads=False)

s3 = boto3.client('s3')
s3.download_file('BUCKET_NAME', 'OBJECT_NAME', 'FILE_NAME', Config=config)